Last update:: 24/02/2023
A Special Economic Zone (SEZ) is a geographically delineated area within the national borders of a country. Each SEZ consists of several sub-zones, not necessarily adjacent. However, all territories within the SEZ must share an economic and functional connection and include a port area as defined by Union guidelines for the development of the trans-European transport network.
Special Economic Zones (SEZs) aim to
- attract investments
- accelerate the growth of existing enterprises
- promote the creation of new businesses in the port areas and to strengthen the available logistic platforms (with a specific focus on their connection by railway).
The tools to achieve these objectives comprehend special tax benefits, the improvement of the Customs Single Window, the simplification of administrative procedures, burocracy reduction and other measures designed to intensify the connection between economic activities, infrastructures, warehousing and long-distance water transport.
The SEZ’s Single Digital Gateway is the instrument through which all the companies interested in starting a business within the SEZ can submit their “Single Authorisation”.
It is available in English or Italian, and operates according to the highest technological standards.
The Single Authorisation is issued to the property owner whose building is located within the SEZ’s area or to anyone who is entitled to it.
The Italian SEZs are:
- ZES ABRUZZO
- ZES CAMPANIA
- ZES SICILIA ORIENTALE
- ZES SICILIA OCCIDENTALE
- ZES IONICA INTERREGIONALE PUGLIA – BASILICATA
- ZES ADRIATICA INTERREGIONALE PUGLIA – MOLISE
- ZES CALABRIA
- ZES SARDEGNA
Regulatory reference: (in italian):
Regulation (EU) No 1315/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013, Union guidelines for the development of the trans-European transport network
Decree-Law No. 91 of 20/06/2017, urgent measures to accelerate the development of regions located in the South of Italy
Law No. 123 of 03/08/2017, convert with amendments of Decree-Law No. 91 of 20/06/2017 as part of a plan of urgent measures to accelerate the development of regions located in the South of Italy
Prime Minister’s Decree of 25/01/2018, Regulation regarding the creation of the Special Economic Zones
Director-General’s Decree No. 11/2021 aim to establish the “Support Secretariat” of the Special Economic Zones (SEZ)
Director-General’s Decree No. 69/2022, launchs the so-called “SEZ Support” project